Asthma may have no curative measures, but it’s symptoms can be managed. If you have asthma or know someone who has asthma, it is important to know the cause as well as the triggers in order to avoid symptoms exacerbations.
Asthma is characterized by narrowing of the airways, inflammation of the airways, and extra mucus production in the airways. Combination of the three conditions causes shortness of breath and makes breathing difficult and trigger wheezing and coughing.
According to well researched sources, the cause of asthma is not well known. However, findings show that genetics (inheritance) and environmental factors are involved.
The severity and extent to which individuals who have asthma experiences its symptoms varies. For some individuals, the symptoms are latent. For others, the symptoms do not only interfere with their daily living activities, it is a major source of stress and a life-threatening issue.
Exposure to some environmental irritants can trigger asthma symptoms. Here are some conditions that can trigger asthmatic attacks: Cold or extreme cold conditions, Smoke, Stress, Exercise or over-exertion, Respiratory infections, Acid reflux and certain drugs such as aspirin.
The goal of asthma therapy is to control and minimize attacks. There are two main ways by which asthma can be managed: (1) Avoidance of triggers stated above and (2) pharmacologic interventions with the use of inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids.
Symptoms of asthma can show when you least expect. If you have an inhaler, make sure you always keep it within proximity.