DVT is a blood clot in the deep vein/veins usually formed in the lower extremities. If broken loose, it can travel to the lungs or form pulmonary embolus. If it remains where it was formed, the extremity can swell up, a condition called thrombophlebitis. Below are some situations favorable to DVT formation.
- Bed rest: Patients who are subjected to long term bedrest after a major surgery are at risk for DVT. It is important that active/passive exercise is done while on bedrest.
- Overweight: Fat accumulation in the lower extremities can facilitate blood clot. This is a good spot where consideration for weight loss finds a footing.
- Blood Clot Disorders or blood dyscrasia. This is a blood disorder. A situation where blood will not clot normally. Individuals who have this disorder are at risk for DVT. Usually, patients with blood clot disorders are placed on anticoagulation therapy.
- Jobs that require sitting: The nature of your job can present a risk for DVT. You are equipped with this information so that you can begin to adjust if your job requires long hours of sitting. Get up and stretch all your extremities occasionally. Find a foot rest that won’t allow your legs to stay in a dependent position.
- Injury: Another predisposing factor is injury. Injury to veins, bones and muscles can facilitate development of DVT. Some of these wounds are caused by medical procedures. To avoid DVT, patients are usually placed on prophylactic anticoagulants before and after surgeries.
- Pregnancy: Pregnancy increases the risk of DVT. The risk is related to the pressure on the pelvis and the legs. The rise in the level of estrogen during pregnancy also predisposes pregnant women to the risk of having DVT.
- Comorbid Conditions: People who have other health situations such as heart failure, previous DVT, DVT heritage are at risk for DVT.
How do you know if you have to go for a check-up? We summarized the symptoms of DVT for you in a sentence
If you notice swelling, pain, redness, and feeling of warmth in one of your lower extremities (rarely both), you may need to go see a Doctor.