My nose is bleeding, what should I do? The child’s nose is bleeding, no one has a clue! To simplify the situation, it is in the best interest of everyone to know the cause and what to do when nose bleeding occurs. After all, nose-bleeding (also known as epistaxis) may not be a medical emergency.
The nose has many blood vessels lined very closely to the surface to warm and humidify the air we breathe in. The closeness of the blood vessels to the surface makes them pliable to damage. Once a blood vessel is damaged, a clot/scab is formed on the damaged spot. Dislodgement of the scab makes it very easy to have recurrent nosebleed each time an old one falls off.
Dry mucus membranes is usually caused by dry, heated indoor air or low humidity. People easily pick or rub their nose when their nasal membranes are dry. Picking or rubbing the nose vigorously in an attempt to dislodge dry mucus can break those tender blood vessels lining the nasal membranes.
Other (common) reasons why a nasal blood vessels would break include vigorous blowing of the nose, repeated sneezing, foreign object in the nose or injury to the nose.
Some (complex) reasons such as facial surgery, allergy, high blood pressure, use of NSAID, deviated septum, bleeding discariasis and chemical irritants can also be responsible for nasal discharge.
Here are few things that can be done to stop bleeding nose:
- Bend over as soon as you notice bleeding. Bending over ensures you are not aspirating blood through your throat.
- Use a wet/cool (never hot or warm water) wash-cloth to clean/clear the nasal passage.
- Apply pressure to the soft part of your nostril (while breathing through your mouth). Let the pressure be sufficient enough to hold back further bleeding. This should continue for about 5 minutes or until the bleeding stops.
- Do not lean or bend over, rub or pick the nose once the bleeding stops.
- Adjust your home humidifier to line up with weather condition.
Complex situation requires complex approach. You should see a Doctor or visit a clinic if your reasons for nosebleed is not one of the common reasons listed above.