Let’s get the facts straight. High blood pressure (also known as hypertension), is a silent killer. Below, we provide responses to some frequently asked questions about high blood pressure.

What is hypertension? Hypertension is a condition necessitated by high blood pressure. It’s a disorder that makes blood forcefully flows through the blood vessels consistently.

Why is hypertension called a silent killer disease? This is simply because most of the time there’s no obvious symptoms in people who are affected by the disease.

What are the risks associated with high blood pressure? The following are some of the diseases that can stem from undetected, uncontrolled or undertreated high blood pressure: Stroke, kidney failure, sexual dysfunction, heart attack, vision loss and peripheral artery disease.

How can I tell if I have high blood pressure? You can tell if you are hypertensive simply by comparing your blood pressure to some standards.

Two numbers are important in the diagnosis of hypertension: (1) Systolic (the top number)- representing contraction of blood into the arteries.

(2) Diastolic (the bottom number) – a state when the heart muscle relaxes and allow blood to be pumped into the chambers.

For a healthy adult, the normal blood pressure is 120/80

Hypertension stage 1 Systolic: 130-139/Diastolic 80-89

Hypertension stage 2: Systolic: 140+/Diastolic 90+

Hypertensive Crisis: Systolic 180+/Diastolic 120+

How can hypertension be managed or prevented? Making lifestyle changes might not be easy, but it is worth doing.

The following steps are conservative methods that might be helpful for someone who is trying to control his/her blood pressure: Consider losing extra weight, exercise regularly, factor less sodium with healthy diet, reduce your stress level, quit smoking and cut back on alcohol.

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